We’ve had a colder than average winter this year in Virginia. Here are a few things we’ve learned:
Double ended snaps become brittle in single digit temperatures.
Muck buckets become brittle in single digit temperatures.
Feed pans become brittle in single digit temperatures.
Water buckets become brittle in single digit temperatures.
Horses are NOT sympathetic to the fact the things become brittle in single digit temperatures (meaning the humans are handling things more slowly and carefully.)
Even the most sensible horse will, at least once, lose his mind and go outside to stand in a freezing rain.
Some formerly sensible horses will ignore the “open” end of the water tank and start banging on the end that still has some ice on top.
The amount of manure produced increases exponentially with the time a horse spends in a shed or stall.
When you can’t get traction on 1-1/2 inches of accumulated sleet, you can’t pull even an empty wagon up a moderate slope.
Some horses seem to enjoy making loud crunching sound on the ice-coated snow and will happily march through it just for that purpose.
Horses in sheds or stalls that can’t see what’s coming are not fond of the sound of a huge monster crunching across the ice-coated snow toward them.
Some horses have wicked wicked senses of humor.
Wednesday, January 28, 2009
We’ve had a colder than average winter this year in Virginia. Here are a few things we’ve learned:
Monday, January 26, 2009
"What's a Horse Course? It's an online video seminar given by experts on a specific horse health topic*. They're all free, thanks to our sponsors. (*Note: Topics are subject to change according to the presenters’ discretion.)"
2. Pituitary Dysfunction Problems in the pituitary gland of older horses. Sponsored by Fort Dodge Animal Health. Available Now. Dianne McFarlane, DVM, PhD, Dipl. ACVIM, ABVP (Oklahoma State University)Presented at the University of Kentucky’s Livestock Disease Diagnostic Center in conjunction with the Department of Veterinary Sciences.
Visit http://www.thehorse.com/Videos.aspx?tab=hc to sign up.
Over the weekend, Traveller's Rest met several wonderful people.
Thank you to Tabitha and her whole family for stopping by to meet the Elders and drop off some senior feed. As a cold front came through Spotsylvania, we were treated to quite a show by the Goofy Geezers. Rienzi bucked and crowhopped his way along the driveway fence, Emma began to relive former dreams of Thoroughbred glory, while Fitz scampered (if you can say a 17 hand Thoroughbred "scampers") in circles in his unique way, head waggling, tail in the air. Who says "old" horses don't enjoy retirement?
Thank you, too, to Jean for bringing more blankets, as well as coolers, pads and leg wraps. Please come again when you can stay longer.
TREES welcomes visitors by appointment Monday-Sunday, between 10AM and 2PM. (Evening hours will be available during summer.) If you would like to meet our residents and learn more about the sanctuary, please email firstname.lastname@example.org or call 540-972-0936. Wade will be watching for you!
Saturday, January 24, 2009
Feeding the Metabolically Challenged Horse
Amanda Blanton, DVM
Establishing an appropriate feeding plan for a horse with an endocrine disorder (PPID/Cushings disease, Equine Metabolic Syndrome, and/or Insulin Resistance) can be challenging and is tailored to each horse’s specific situation. As a result, it is important to discuss your horse’s endocrine status and nutritional needs with your veterinarian and to closely monitor your horse’s body condition, appetite and presence of any foot soreness (in those horses that are at high risk of developing laminitis.)
The goals in feeding a horse with an endocrine disorder are to decrease body fat in obese horses and to avoid feeds that will worsen insulin resistance (IR.)
Overweight horses (body condition score 7-9) require a strict program of dietary management and exercise. It has been shown that the risk of developing insulin resistance (IR) increases as the length of time a horse is overweight increases, and studies have shown that IR horses are more likely to develop laminitis. As a result, it is imperative to get the excess weight off these horses. Obese horses should be fed a diet of hay plus a vitamin and mineral supplement. Since they will be receiving no other calories, these horses should be fed enough hay to meet their energy requirements: 1.5-2.0 % of their body weight. This is equivalent to 15-20 pounds of hay per day for a 1000 pound horse.** Obese horses that are not actively laminitic should also be exercised daily to further reduce weight.
Avoiding Insulin-Resistance Causing Feeds
The key here is to avoid excess sugars and carbohydrates. Most sugars in a normal horse’s diet come from pasture grasses. As a result, when managing IR ponies or horses, you must restrict or eliminate pasture from the diet. Options for pasture restriction include strict dry lots, use of a grazing muzzle, free grazing for 1-2 hours a day and strip grazing with electric fencing. It has been shown that grasses are highest in sugars during dynamic stages of growth. Therefore, it is important to avoid grazing during the following times of year: spring (when grass is growing quickly and turning green,) early summer (when grass is starting to dry out,) following heavy summer rains (when grass is rapidly growing,) and fall (when grass is entering winter dormancy.) Sugar content in pasture grasses also varies with the time of day. Sugar content is low early in the day and high later in the day. As a result, it is best to graze horses with metabolic issues in early morning versus late afternoon. However, since each case is different, consult with your veterinarian to determine the best option for you and your horse.
Unlike the obese horses, some horses with endocrine disorders (lean horses in regular work and/or ribby horses with regional adiposity) will require supplemental calorie sources. How do you increase caloric intake without increasing the sugars and carbs that can lead to IR? If your horse is one of these and needs to be fed a concentrate, look for those feeds that are low in sugars and carbohydrates. Dividing the feedings into smaller, more frequent meals is a great way to decrease your horse’s natural glycemic response to each meal. It is also good practice to feed hay before concentrates to slow the transit from the stomach to the lower digestive tract where many carbohydrates are broken down into harmful sugars. You will also want to feed a hay that is <12% non-structural carbohydrates. To achieve this, you can send away hay to be tested or you can soak your hay for 60 minutes in cold water (30 minutes in hot water) prior to feeding it to your horse.
Other additives that may be used in tailoring a diet specific for your horse’s needs include rice bran, rice bran oil, or corn oil as high calorie, low carb supplements. Molasses free, soaked beet pulp is another great way to add calories and fiber to the diet while avoiding carbohydrates. Again, ask your veterinarian for recommendations to meet your horse’s specific requirements and tastes. Remember to make all feed changes gradually, at least over 10-14 days. And don’t forget to stay away from high sugar treats (no sugar cubes!)
As you can see, there are many factors to consider when establishing a feeding plan for a horse with a metabolic disorder and it can be challenging to create a plan that is feasible for you and palatable for your horse. However, it is very rewarding to see the results when an appropriate feeding plan is couple with exercise and appropriate medication (if needed.)
1. Frank, Nicolas. How to Feed Horses with Endocrine Disorders. AAEP’s 53rd Annual Convention Proceedings. 2007:186-192
2. Gordon, M.E. et al. The effects of dietary manipulation and exercise on weight loss and related indices of health in horses. Longview Animal Nutrition Center, Land O Lakes Purina Feed, Gray Summit, MO.
3. Gordon, M.E. The Effects of Nonstructural Carbohydrate Content and Feeding Rate on Glucose and Insulin Response to Meal Feeding in Equine.
** TREES note: Feeding only hay may not be possible in elder horses with advanced dental problems. Talk to your vet about finding a suitable replacement.
For more on pasture in relation to metabolic disorders visit SaferGrass.org
Thursday, January 22, 2009
Date: Saturday, February 7, 2009
Time: 10AM - 12PM
Location: Rappahannock Equine Veterinary Clinic, Locust Grove, VA
Laminitis, or "founder," is a problem that can affect any horse or pony of any age or breed. Join the staff of the Rappahannock Equine Veterinary Clinic for an educational seminar, following a case renowned farrier Eddie Shelton has been working on in conjunction with REVC doctors. They will present the case, its work-up, findings, current progress, and treatment plan.
Achieve a better understanding of hoof anatomy and physiology, as well as the mechanics of laminitis. Learn how to minimize risk and reduce the likelihood of founder through herd management practices. Ask questions as farrier and veterinarian work side by side to make their patient more comfortable.
Space is limited and is expected to fill quickly. Reserve your seat today!
Monday, January 19, 2009
Special Thank Yous to Gene, Carol, Deborah, Jim and Mike, who as a team filled the old 1949 John Deere manure spreader THREE times over. (And we're talking a big spreader here, not one of the little models you can pull with a lawn mower.) All the water tanks were scrubbed and refilled, stalls bedded, and one frozen outdoor hydrant repaired. Whew!
The horses, on the other hand, took advantage of the warm, calm day to catch a few naps. Must be nice!
Friday, January 16, 2009
President Elect Obama is calling on Americans to make MLK Day a day of service....a "Day On" rather than a day off. While many service projects are geared toward needy humans, we'd like to appeal to potential volunteers for a few hours to help needy horses. With the recent unusually cold, windy weather, the horses have been spending more time in sheds and barns. That, added to poop piles frozen to the ground has caused a "back-up," so to speak. By Monday, everything should be thawed (including our spreader, and the muckers' fingers and toes!) and we'll have some extra cleaning up to do.
If you have not yet chosen a "Day On" project, and would like to spend a few hours with our Elders, volunteering in a reduced stress environment, please give us a call at 540-972-0936, or shoot an email to email@example.com.
Monday, January 5, 2009
Thank you all for remembering formerly forgotten friends during the holiday season. We couldn't care for them without you.